Thailand - PMI likely breached the Foreign Business Act..

Beloved Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej and wife..

January 19, 2010 - American tobacco giant Philip Morris' (Philip Morris International - PMI) legal troubles in the Kingdom appear to have deepened, with a Commerce Ministry probe having determined that the firm likely breached the Foreign Business Act (FBA), a senior ministry source said. The Department of Special investigation earlier accused the firm of understating the prices of its imported cigarettes in order to minimise tax payments.

More recently, the DSI asked the ministry's Business Development Department to investigate whether the company breached the FBA by distributing foreign-brand cigarettes, an activity beyond the scope of its agreement with the ministry.

The ministry has already submitted the results of its investigation - which concluded that the firm had violated the act - to the DSI, which will conduct a more in-depth probe, the source said.

Philip Morris receives protections under the Treaty of Amity signed by Thailand and the United States in 1968. However, if the company is eventually found to have engaged in a business that is protected under the FBA, it will lose the treaty's protection.

In its agreement with the ministry, the firm initially said it would conduct a survey of the Thai market, before importing and exporting tobacco products between Thailand and the US. However, the department found that the firm had breached its contract by acting as a distributor of Marlboro and L&M cigarettes produced in the Philippines.

The ministry is also trying to determine whether the firm allowed citizens of third countries to hold shares - another possible FBA violation. The ministry earlier found that the firm had changed the name of one shareholder, listed in 2005 as Paul Dean Riley, an Australian, to Ashok Rammohan, who has Indian nationality, in 2006.

However, it has yet to finalise this investigation. Philip Morris faces prosecution by the DSI, which believes the company's alleged deceptive practices from 2003-2007 caused a loss to the country of nearly Bt69 ($2.03 billion) in taxes.

The case is scheduled to be filed tomorrow - Tuesday, January 19th.

Directly related news brief:
Thailand unit of Philip Morris International faces charges that it violated custom tax rules..

Reference: Philip Morris - US giant distributed foreign cigarettes; DSI takes up case by PETCHANET PRATRUANGKRAI, The NATION, 1/18/2009.

Some other Thailand news briefs:
Thai Tobacco Monopoly withdraws products from Tabinfo Asia 2009..;
Thailand - organizer of international tobacco exhibition fined..;
Thailand - hand-rolled cigarettes more popular and other matters..;
WTO - "DS 371" Philippines versus Thailand on cigarette customs valuation..;
Thailand - Tobacco Expo organizers and guests must obey all tobacco control laws..;
Thailand unit of Philip Morris International faces charges that it violated custom tax rules..;
Thailand - hosting major tobacco promotion event in November 2009..;
Thailand Tobacco Monoploly - union concerned about privatization..;
Thailand - monks sickly from tobacco smoking and/or smoke exposure..;
Philippines - Thai cigarette import rules..;
Thailand - cigarette and liquor prices are expected to rise once new measures for calculating excise taxes take effect..;
Congratulations.. Thailand Joins Developed World With Total Ban On Smoking..;
Discouraging Tobacco Use - Horrific Images on the Packaging..